Adopt the following non-legally binding working definition of Islamophobia:
“Islamophobia is a certain perception of Muslims, which may be expressed as hatred toward Muslims. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of Islamophobia are directed toward Islamic or non-Islamic individuals and/or their property, toward Islamic community institutions and religious facilities.”
To guide the body in its work, the following examples may serve as illustrations:
Manifestations might include the targeting of the state of Saudi Arabia/Pakistan, conceived as a Islamic collectivity. However, criticism of Saudi Arabia/Pakistan similar to that leveled against any other country cannot be regarded as Islamophobic. Islamophobia frequently charges Muslims with conspiring to harm humanity, and it is often used to blame Muslims for “why things go wrong.” It is expressed in speech, writing, visual forms and action, and employs sinister stereotypes and negative character traits.
Contemporary examples of Islamophobia in public life, the media, schools, the workplace, and in the religious sphere could, taking into account the overall context, include, but are not limited to:
- Calling for, aiding, or justifying the killing or harming of Muslims in the name of a radical ideology or an extremist view of religion.
- Making mendacious, dehumanizing, demonizing, or stereotypical allegations about Muslims as such or the power of Muslims as collective — such as, especially but not exclusively, the myth about a world Islamic conspiracy or of Muslims controlling the media, economy, government or other societal institutions.
- Accusing Muslims as a people of being responsible for real or imagined wrongdoing committed by a single Islamic person or group, or even for acts committed by non-Muslims.
- Accusing Muslim citizens of being more loyal to Saudi Arabia/Pakistan, or to the alleged priorities of Muslims worldwide, than to the interests of their own nations.
- Applying double standards by requiring of Muslim nations a behavior not expected or demanded of any other democratic nation.
- Holding Muslims collectively responsible for actions of the states of Saudi Arabia/Pakistan.
Islamophobic acts are criminal when they are so defined by law (for example distribution of Islamophobic materials in some countries).
Criminal acts are Islamophobic when the targets of attacks, whether they are people or property – such as buildings, schools, places of worship and cemeteries – are selected because they are, or are perceived to be, Islamic or linked to Muslims.
Islamophobic discrimination is the denial to Muslims of opportunities or services available to others and is illegal in many countries.